Tyre Presssure Check
Pneumatic tyres, discovered and patented by Robert William Thomson in 1845, were re-invented by John Boyd Dunlop in 1888. In 1890, Dunlop’s patent had to be withdrawn, as Thomson’s right on the first patent came to light. But, none of this changed the fact that the discovery of pneumatic tyres, wherein tyres were being inflated using air pressure. Tyre pressure is one of the most essential things in today’s vehicle tyres. It is necessary to maintain tyre pressure to experience a comfortable and economical ride.
Over time, tyre pressure gets reduced due to natural air leakage and also because of the compression of air with the decrease in temperature. Maintaining tyre pressure is a tedious job to do when you don't have the right equipment to measure the overall tyre pressure.
Numerous problems and issues arise due to low tyre pressure. Some of these include:
Frequent trips to the fuel stations: With low tyre pressure comes the challenge of decreased fuel economy. The engine has to burn more fuel in order to provide for the drag that is produced due to lesser tyre pressure. The overall effect is that more fuel is consumed to achieve the same speed by a tyre that has low pressure as a comparison to the one with standard pressure.
Increased wearing of the tread: With the decrease in tyre pressure the wearing of the tyres increases. This will, in turn, result in reduced tyre treads life. Tread is a very important part of a tyre when it comes to maintaining safety on the road. When the tyre has low pressure, the friction with the road grows which causes the treads to wear out quickly.
Environmental degradation due to emitted gases: As mentioned earlier, with the lowering of tyre pressure, the engine has to do more work and hence the consumption of the fuel increases. The consumed fuel results in more emission of the greenhouse gases. These gases are responsible for causing a very known and dramatic phenomenon known as global warming. Another thing that is a direct consequence of increased emission is air pollution.
Not only low tyre pressure, but high tyre pressure too is responsible for adversely affecting a tyre’s life. In case you have a high tyre pressure, and you exceed the loading limit of your car, the tyres will burst, and you will be left with no option but to get them replaced - the chances of a blowout increase when the tyre has been repaired in the past. It is therefore recommended to maintain just the right amount of tyre pressure to ensure the proper functioning of the tyres and the vehicle.